A history of the norman conquest at the battle of hastings

Why was the battle of hastings important

Marren speculates that perhaps 2, Normans and 4, Englishmen were killed at Hastings. It was rare for the whole national fyrd to be called out; between and it was only done three times, in , , and They are afraid that it is only a matter of time before they catch an Anglo-Saxon arrow in the back or a piece of sharpened steel in the belly. He weighs their biases, tosses aside the obvious hyperbole, and wiggles the truth, as best he can, from what is left. Others beg William to be allowed to return to their homes in Normandy. He placed himself, his housecarls, and his other trained troops around his standard at the summit of the ridge where the high altar of Battle Abbey was later placed , grouping his other troops along the crest for about yards metres westward and about yards about metres eastward, at which points the slope became steep enough to protect both flanks. As long as Harold is alive, he is the king of England and can rally more troops and fight however many battles he needs to push the Normans out of England. Harald Sigurdsson of Norway asserts that he had a deal with a past king of England to be king upon the death of Edward. The area was heavily wooded, with a marsh nearby.

By October 13 Harold was approaching Hastings with about 7, men, many of whom were half-armed, untrained peasants. Frankly, they probably need to be this way to have any hope of keeping England under the control of Normans.

Archers would have used a self bow or a crossbow, and most would not have had armour.

The norman conquest the battle of hastings and the fall of anglo-saxon england

William disposed his army for attack—archers and crossbowmen in the front line, his heavy infantry in the second, his knights in three divisions in the rear, Normans in the centre, Bretons and French on left and right, respectively. After the battle his army moved to isolate London, where William I was crowned king on December Anglo-Saxon England had developed a highly organized central and local government and an effective judicial system see Anglo-Saxon law. The baffling thing for me is that England never really unites under a strong leader. Now the interesting thing about the Battle of Hastings is that Harold does not need to win this battle. They are afraid that it is only a matter of time before they catch an Anglo-Saxon arrow in the back or a piece of sharpened steel in the belly. Regardless of how he dies, the cold hard fact is that he dies and leaves England in the hands of the Conqueror. He persuaded the Norman barons to promise support and recruited thousands of volunteers from Brittany , Maine , France, Flanders, Spain , and Italy. Contemporary accounts connected the comet's appearance with the succession crisis in England.

The infantryman's shield was usually round and made of wood, with reinforcement of metal. The politics in Normandy are no less gory or murky.

bayeux tapestry

One just never emerges. His life is almost constantly in danger. Finally, on September 27, while Harold was occupied in the north, the winds changed, and William crossed the Channel immediately.

why did the norman conquest happen
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The Norman Conquest by Marc Morris