An analysis of the government in a disquisition on government by john c calhoun

I call the right of suffrage the indispensable and primary principle; for it would be a great and dangerous mistake to suppose, as many do, that it is, of itself, sufficient to form constitutional governments. This controlling power, government, is then a necessity to preserve society. Even this is no easy task; but the two united cannot possibly be made equal. The first and leading error which arises from overlooking the distinction between the numerical majority and the concurrent majority is to confound the numerical majority with the people as a whole. For more information on choosing credible sources for your paper, check out this blog post. Notes on John C. I intentionally avoid the expression, selfish feelings, as applicable to the former; because, as commonly used, it implies an unusual excess of the individual over the social feelings, in the person to whom it is applied; and, consequently, something depraved and vicious. It was a work of that elaborated on John Calhouns Political Theory, which mentions the idea of a concurrent majority, which is that a concurrent majority on an issue is one composed of an agreement of the most important minority interests in a society.

In no other, indeed, could he exist; and in no other — were it possible for him to exist — could he attain to a full development of his moral and intellectual faculties, or raise himself, in the scale of being, much above the level of the brute creation.

It would, besides, be remediless — for government would be impossible; or, if it could by possibility exist, its object would be reversed. I intentionally avoid the expression, selfish feelings, as applicable to the former; because, as commonly used, it implies an unusual excess of the individual over the social feelings, in the person to whom it is applied; and, consequently, something depraved and vicious.

john c calhoun disquisition on government pdf

That by which this is prevented. But before he does so, this man tells Mark some very important secrets, which ends up putting Mark and his entire family at risk of being hurt. It is, then, manifest, taking the whole process together, that taxes must be, in effect, bounties to that portion of the community which receives more in disbursements than it pays in taxes; while, to the other which pays in taxes more than it receives in disbursements, they are taxes in reality — burthens, instead of bounties.

An analysis of the government in a disquisition on government by john c calhoun

If no one interest be strong enough, of itself, to obtain it, a combination will be formed. The assumption rests on universal experience. It can do no more, however enlightened the people, or however widely extended or well guarded the right may be. To the Infinite Being, the Creator of all, belongs exclusively the care and superintendence of the whole. I have said — if it were possible for man to be so constituted, as to feel what affects others more strongly than what affects himself, or even as strongly — because, it may be well doubted, whether the stronger feeling or affection of individuals for themselves, combined with a feebler and subordinate feeling or affection for others, is not, in beings of limited reason and faculties, a constitution necessary to their preservation and existence. Having assumed these, as unquestionable phenomena of our nature, I shall, without further remark, proceed to the investigation of the primary and important question — What is that constitution of our nature, which, while it impels man to associate with his kind, renders it impossible for society to exist without government? Calhoun on the "concurrent majority" from his Disquisition : If the whole community had the same interests, so that the interests of each and every portion would be so affected by the action of the government, that the laws which oppressed or impoverished one portion, would necessarily oppress and impoverish all others — or the reverse — then the right of suffrage, of itself, would be all-sufficient to counteract the tendency of the government to oppression and abuse of its powers. Government must have the power to repel assaults from abroad, and to repress violence and disorder within. This requires an extensive bureaucracy. These officials will be split into four sections similar to the three branches of a democratic government. When once formed, the community will be divided into two great parties — a major and minor — between which there will be incessant struggles on the one side to retain, and on the other to obtain the majority — and, thereby, the control of the government and the advantages it confers.

Let us know! Such being the case, it necessarily results, that the right of suffrage, by placing the control of the government in the community must There are no natural rights; liberty is a reward and, inevitably, based upon the slavery

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Analysis of The Disquisition of Government by John Calhoun Essay