An introduction to the history of absolutism and louis xiv

The most favored method was to quarter French soldiers in Huguenot communities and homes with the freedom to misbehave so that their hosts would "see the light quickly. His finance minister, Jean-Baptiste Colbertimplemented reforms that sharply reduced the deficit and fostered the growth of industry, while his war minister, the Marquis de Louvoisexpanded and reorganized the French army.

Louis xiv father

The most elaborate statement of this view was made by the English philosopher Thomas Hobbes in Leviathan So the relativist would argue that a moral code could be universally accepted, without being universally valid, and hence fail to be absolute. Absolute kings attempted to control competing institutions and jurisdictions in their state, and secured power with the nobility. Since then his rule has been hailed as the supreme example of a type of government - absolutism. Although deontological ethical theories are not necessarily absolutist, some important deontologists have been. There was also a large gulf between the theory of absolutism as ex pressed by Bossuet and the practice of absolutism. They were re sponsible to no one including parliaments except God.

On this view, the monarch derives his authority as ruler directly from God, and not from the will of his subjects, the nobility, or any other human authority.

Inthe devoutly Catholic king revoked the Edict of Nantes, issued by his grandfather Henry IV inwhich had granted freedom of worship and other rights to French Protestants known as Huguenots. Consequently, Louis and his court came to set the standard for monar chies and aristocracies all over Europe.

Significantly, however, Louis made it perfectly clear on both occasions that he recognized the extraordinary and temporary nature of these impositions, made necessary by the pressures of war.

louis xiv personality

The latter contradicted the rule of law and the sanctity of property and was simply lawless tyranny. His mother, who was well aware of Louis's proclivity for fun and games and getting into the beds of the maids in the royal palace, laughed aloud at these words.

In addition to revoking the Edict of Nantes, the new edict provided for the destruction of Huguenot churches and the closing of their schools. Historically, philosphers have been absolutists with regarded to many types of actions such as lying, adutery, and sodomy.

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Absolutism and Louis XIV