Differences between isometric and isotonic muscle contraction

In both instances, cross-bridge cycling is maintaining tension in the muscle; the sarcomere, muscle fibers, and muscle are not changing length. Eccentric contractions cause muscles to elongate in response to a greater opposing force. During curling, the muscles will shorten as the arm flexes at the elbow [4].

Combination of both is ideal for any workout plan. The lengthening of muscles during eccentric contractions place a high level of stress on the working muscles and thus the possibility of muscle injury is much higher as when compared to concentric contractions [3].

In addition, isotonic contractions occur in the middle of a contraction while isometric contractions occur at the beginning and end. Isotonic The word "isotonic" is derived from two Greek words: "iso," meaning "same," and "tonikos," meaning tension.

difference between isotonic and isometric exercise

Establishing the difference between these two types of contractions is important as it can help individuals understand what happens when their muscles come under some form of physical stress. For example, the heart's ventricles contract to expel blood into the pulmonary artery and aorta.

For isometric exercise, you can hold a position on your toes and forearms, keeping your back straight. Squat For isotonic exercise, stand straight, and bend your knees till your hips level your knees while keeping shoulders aligned with your feet.

For example, consider a person holding a weight at a fixed position in front of their body [3]. As such, an isotonic contraction is one in which the muscle maintains the same tension as it shortens.

Concentric contractions occur when muscles shorten while its tension is greater than the force opposing it [2]. Instead, they will remain their normal length.

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Types of Muscle Contractions: Isotonic and Isometric