Elected dictatorship essay
Even after making ruthless use of these powers, the Nazis were unable to gain more than 44 per cent of the votes in the March election, yet Hitler was still able to persuade the new Parliament to pass an Enabling Act giving him dictatorial powers for four years.
The Weimar Republic had responsible government, with a Chancellor as head of government. Perversely, it is the over-representation of democratic legitimacy as the dominant contemporary political virtue which arguably bears a large measure of responsibility for our current predicament.
Essay on How effective are backbench MPs? In the same select committee investigation, the committee: asked Mr Brittan [the minister who had directed the leaking of selected passages from a letter of the Solicitor-General which were damaging to a colleague, Mr Heseltine] whether he authorised that the whole document be published.
In a multi-party landscape, a first-past-the post voting system with single-member constituencies will tend to produce governments which enjoy only minority popular support.
An Essay The power of politicians and world leaders is highly controversial. Examples of the use of such powers are the granting to citizens of the right of appeal to international human rights organisations, which makes major changes to the effective power of parliament and the courts.
Executive dominance ireland
Bibliography Heffernan, R. Not so long ago, Britain was widely admired across much of the world as a model of strong constitutional democracy. Except for some controls in Canada on the use of the defence power, the four national parliaments have done nothing to control the enormous powers thus left with the government. Credit: UK Parliament Democracy and executive supremacy Discussions about democracy often become tangled because the term is commonly used, sometimes simultaneously, in both a broad and a narrow sense. Sitting Calendar Chapter What is wrong with an elective dictatorship? The evasive devices are many: irrelevant answers at question time; excessive delays-sometimes years-in answering questions from MPs requiring written replies; orders to public servants not to provide information to parliamentary committees by claiming Crown privilege, or by asserting that a policy issue is involved; and the failure of ministers to give proper information to parliamentary committees investigating aspects of their responsibilities, and sometimes even failing to appear before the committees at all. Again, he refused to tell us. Royal Assent then invariably follows.
This takes place when the prime minister as chairman of his or her party after an election does not have enough votes and only forms a majority government through a coalition with another party. Such is the theory; in practice Royal Assent has become a formality, the monarch has not refused or threatened to refuse assent to a bill for some years Queen Anne in The House of Lords no longer has equality with the Commons, and once the same bill has been passed by the Commons and rejected by the Lords in two different sessions of Parliament, the third introduction of the bill will require only the consent of the Commons.
Therefore he or she has authority within the executive and also has control over the legislature, the House of Commons The Open University, He saw these weak[ citation needed ] governments as undemocratic, as despite their slim hold on the Commons they were able to pass a large number of their bills.
In comparison with the American president the British prime minister seems relatively powerful The Open University, Lord Hailsham coined the term elective dictatorship in , and it is a more accurate description of the political landscape today than was the case forty years ago. Appointments The third danger in an elective dictatorship is the power of the government to make appointments to the courts, to the senior ranks of the bureaucracy and to management positions in government business enterprises and other government-controlled organisations. Since the Thatcher era, most senior politicians on both left and right have seen themselves not as part of a broader governing elite but as outsiders, empowered by their democratic mandate to shake up government and make it more responsive to the wishes of the people. The bill will then go before the Monarch who has formal discretion whether to assent to the bill. The new era of constitutional change At the same time, the period since has been marked by frequent constitutional change. In the 21st century interest groups play a much larger role in Western democracies than in the past. All electoral systems are to some extent defective but — at least in the absence of wholesale vote-rigging — nonetheless endow a majority in the legislature with legitimate authority. The sovereignty of parliament The argument for unconstrained executive authority is commonly based on the doctrine of parliamentary sovereignty. Public opinion polls have a crucial influence on the choice of the date for an election, despite prime ministers frequently saying that the only poll that matters is held on election day.
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