Predicting behavior by attitudes essay
At times we may not like to have certain attitudes.
Social Psychology 4th edition. Because the measurement of attitudes is imprecise, we cannot really say with confidence what an attitude is.
Before explaining what causes attitude behaviour inconsistency it is necessary that the relationship between attitude and behaviour be understood.
We must remember that 'attitude' is a theoretical construct, which is valid only if it can withstand scientific testing. Attitudes can predict what ones behavior will become and the theory of planned behavior explains how that is possible.
Predicting behavior by attitudes essay
However, Myers believed that in certain circumstances, attitude could be made an effective predictor of behavior: it is when 1 Influences on how people express attitudes are minimized; 2 Influences on the attitude Understanding Tourist Motivation, Attitude And Intention To Visit words - 7 pages motivations by nationality and destinations. London: Prentice-Hall. In another study it was shown that morals were not strong enough to be adhered to. If someone has an interest in something that may have an effect on their life, the attitude will increase and this will increase the impact on the behaviour. LaPiere conducted one of the first studies which provided empirical evidence which suggested that attitude may not predict behaviour. There are two basic theories that can be applied to this situation: the Theory of Reasoned Action developed by Fishbein and the Theory of Planned Behavior developed by Ajzen. It is argued that the attitude-behaviour inconsistency in the previous studies such as LaPiere and Corey was caused due to this reason. This in turn helps guide the target behaviour. Albbarracin et al.
Because unbalanced attitude structure leads to uncomfortable and unpleasant feelings. Besides, researchers use various methods to derive for each type of consumer behavior its intention, belief, attitude, and behavioral control.
Attitudes based on direct experience are more strongly held and influence behavior more than attitudes formed indirectly for example, through hear-say, reading or watching television.
Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. The Scientific Attitude Curiosity, a passion to explore and understand without misleading. This included sampled behaviours like shoplifting, exam cheating and telling lies.
How to change behaviour and attitude
Cognition is referred to the way an object is perceived or thought of regardless whether it was true or false. Self fulfilling prophecy is the process by which we try to convert our attitudes, beliefs and expectations-into reality. Self-expression of attitudes can be non-verbal too: think bumper sticker, cap, or T-shirt slogan. How do the characteristics of changing environments affect uncertainty? The fascination with whether attitudes can predict behaviour has intrigued psychologists for years and produced many studies ranging from smoking behaviours to behaviour in the work place. Understanding attitudes and predicting social behavior. Attitudes are said to influence our behaviour. For example, a nurse may have a negative feeling to work in a Tuberculosis ward with a belief that her health will be affected. Why we behave in a certain way has been at the heart of many experiments in social psychology. This model is known as the ABC model of attitudes. But many times it may not be true. Theory of reasoned action TRA is said to be comprised of two factors that determine an intention: attitudes and norms. Do they think the behaviour is good or bad? Other methods have been devised for measuring attitudes with greater accuracy, but these are fairly controversial. Psychological Bulletin.
Furthermore, a persons decision to act on his or her attitude is affected by other factors, such as approval by family and friends. This essay will discuss the extent to which attitudes predict behaviour and facilitate behaviour change.
It was discovered that people who demonstrated a high accessible attitude showed an 80 percent variance which was explain by attitude as opposed to the 44 percent revealed by those with low accessible attitude.
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