It is important to note that there are some issues with cognitive psychology that makes it unsuitable or even uncomfortable for some individuals, especially those with learning difficulties and more complex mental health issues.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy, for example, is a combination of the cognitive approach and the behavioral approach and strives to correct wrong cognitive processes to produce more favorable actions. These are strengths because they provide useful explanations of behaviour and effective ways of dealing with individuals who have problems.
Weaknesses It could be argued that cognitive models over-simplify explanations for complex mental processes. The Humanistic Approach opposes this, taking into account individual differences that make us each behave differently.
Reductionist to an extent, although case studies are taken into account, the behavioural approach attempts to apply the scientific view to human behaviour, which may be argued to be unique to each individual.
However, different studies such as Brunner et al and Juby and Farrington have demonstrated that biology and upbringing, respectively, can help to explain why people turn to crime. It relies heavily on inference.
Schemas are like stereotypes, and alter mental processing of incoming information; their role in eyewitness testimony can be negative, as what somebody expects to see may distort their memory of was actually witnessed.
Easily combined with other approaches.
The use of the computer as a tool for thinking how the human mind handles information is known as the computer analogy.
Reductionist: It is reductionist- ignoring the huge complexity of human functioning compared to computer functioning. Therefore, this is a very useful approach with many contributions to psychology and society as a whole.