If this be a spirit of aggrandizement, the undersigned are prepared to admit, in that sense, its existence; but they must deny that it affords the slightest proof of an intention not to respect the boundaries between them and European nations, or of a desire to encroach upon the territories of Great Britain.
This news was a distinguished event in American history; the frontier represented danger because of the Natives who lived in the region but also freedom and opportunity. One of those intercepted was Abraham Lincoln 's grandfather, who was scalped in near Louisville.
Second, a gold rush in California in attracted droves of American fortune seekers called "Forty-Niners. In the United States the frontier has assumed a much deeper significance.
The soldiers killed or wounded more than Indians.
In the East, where we have always been on the civilized side of the frontier, people tend more to accept the government's rules, mentally coming to the conclusion that there is nothing they can do about it.
Today, most Americans are more aware of the darker side of the settling of the continent, when thousands of American Indians were killed, their lands taken, and much of their culture destroyed.
A typical mining camp.
The labor organizer Mary Harris Jones, better known as "Mother Jones," spent her long life working to improve conditions for miners.
However, the historical account has been dismissed as revisionist in failing to acknowledge the impact the westward settlements had on Native Indians who were decimated by diseases introduced by Europeans, massacred in wars and forced to abandon their lifestyle and live in small reservations.
No Indians lived permanently in Kentucky  but they sent raiding parties to stop the newcomers. The U.